William Crawford was born c. 1732 in Orange County, Virginia. There are coflicting reports on who his father was some reports say Valentine others say it was Hugh Crawford. I tend to believe it was Hugh Crawford and Valentine was his brother. Everyone seems to agree that his mother was Honora or Onora last name unknown. William married Hannah Vance on 05 Jan 1743/44 in Berkeley County, Virginia. They lived their lives in what became Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Col. William Crawford was burned at the stake on 11 Jun 1782 in Sandusky, Ohio. The following is a Biography from:
Fayette County USGenWeb Archives - Gresham and Wiley
Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Fayette County, Pennsylvania
editorially managed by John M. Gresham assisted in the
compilation by Samuel T. Wiley A Citizen of the County
Compiled and Published by John M. Gresham & Co. 407-425 Dearborn Street Chicago 1889
BIOGRAPHY: !Colonel William Crawford - Indian Trader, Pioneer and Soldier On The Frontier, Connelsville Area Historical Soc., Inc., Connellsville, Pa. 1976: "William Crawford, the Scotch-Irish Indian trader, pioneer and frontier soldier, was born in Orange Co., Va., in the year 1732, son of Honora and Hugh Crawford. When he was four years old his father died. His mother soon mar. Richard Stephenson. William Crawford, his brother, Valentine Crawford, and their half-brothers, John, Hugh, Richard, James, and Marquis Stephenson, raised in the Shenandoah Valley near Winchester in what is now Frederick Co., Va. naturally looked toward the west for their future. Most of them were frontiersmen, Prominent in the Colonial and Rev. wars. "When George Washington became a surveryor, his work led him to the
Shenandoah Vallye, where he was employed in surveying the lands of Lord Fairfax. There, he, for a time, made his home with Richard Stephenson, and became well acquainted with the Crawfords and Stephensons. By the time William Crawford had passed his twenty-sixth year he had traveled across the allegheny mountains as a captain in the army of Gernal Forbes, when that general found Fort Duquesne abandoned by the French and Indians in the year 1758. "In the Va. State Papers, preserved in the Capitol at Richmond, a deposition was made by William Crawford before Commissioners James Wood and Charles Ormsby in Pittsburgh as follows: Colonel Crawford deposeth and saith, that his first acquaintance with the Country on the Ohio was in the year 1758, he then being an officer in the Va. Service, that between that time and the year 1765 a number of settlements were made on the Public Roads in that Country by
permission of the several commanding officers at Fort Pitt. That in the fall of the year 1765 he made some improvements on the west side of the Allegheny Mountains. In the year following he settled and has continued to live out here ver since. That before that time, and in that year, a considerable number of settlements were made, he thinks near three hundred, without permission of any commanding officer. From that time to the present, the people continued to emigrate to this county very fast. The deponenet, being asked if he knows the names of those who settled in the year 1766, and on what waters, answers that Zachel Morgan, James Chew, and Jacob Prickett came out in that year, and was informed by them that they had settled up the Monongahela River. That he has since seen Zachel Morgan's plantation, which is on the south side of the line run by Mason and Dixon. "The year after William Crawford settled in what is
now Fayette Co., he began to act as agent for George Washington i his adquisition of valuable lands in this section, as appears in a letter written by Washington, Sep. 21, 1767, to Captain William Crawford of Stewart's Crossing, (now Connellsville). George Washington wrote before the land had been opened to settlement, as the Penns did not complete the 'New Purchase' and allow legal settlement until Apr. 3, 1769. Only one tract of land, called 'Meadows,' was warranted to George Washington at that time. The warrant dated Apr. 3, 1769, provided for a tract containing 369 acres of land, but he actually came into possession of 1641 acres, aa is shown in the recital of deeds made by his executors in the year 1802. "There lands were selected by Cap. Crawford as agent for Washington. In 1770 Col. Washington made a trip to this country in order to look after his property...Under date of Oct. 13th he says: "...Crawford's is very fine land, lying on the Youghiogheny at a place commonly called Stewart's Crossing. 14th -- at Captain Crawford's all day..." "Upon the erection of Bedford Co. in 1771, Cap. Wm. Crawford was apointed a Justice of the Peace, and this office
was renewed on the erection of Westmoreland County in 1773. As a Justice at that time, his offical powers and duties, both in civil and criminal cases, covered all the work later delegated to the Judge and Oyer and Terminer, and Court of Common Pleas. "Col. Wm. Crawford, when the news came in May, 1775, of the battle of Lexington, attended a meeting of citizens of Augusta Co., Va. and was appointed one of the committee for defense of the Colonies. He immediately took the initiative and organizes his neighbors so that the first considerable body of soldiers to be enlisted in the Monongahela Country for the Rev. army was raised in the Autumn of 1775, mainly through his efforts at his
recruiting office in his home at Stewart's..." Comments on Monument at Site of Col. Crawford's Death provided by Resella Ward Wegner: "I went looking for the monument erected above the site of Col. Crawford's death (in 1968). The museum at Upper Sandusky has material and sells a small book on Crawford's Campaign, written by a retired school teach. At the time I was there, there was a lawsuit to prevent the state from moving the monument out to a main highway...relatives or desc. initiated the suit..." !Excerpts from George Washington's Diaries From Annals of Southwestern Penn., by Walkinshaw pp. 358-9 !Notes and Queries, Histo., Bio., and Gen., by William Henry Egle, Fourth Series Vol. 1, Harrisburg Publ. Co., Harrisburg, Pa. 1893, pp 288-9 Portions of this text appear verbatim in Egle's Penn. Women in the Rev., pp. 58-61. The following portions of that account do not appear in the above mentioned version: "William Crawford, son of Valentine Crawford, an emigrant from the North of Ireland, was born Oct.1 7,1732, in Orange Co., Va. Young Crawford was brought up as a surveyor. His education seems to have ben more or less limited, but his knowledge of men and affairs took a wide range. It was while acting in this capacity, as a surveyor, that he became acquainted with George Washsington. As an ensign in the Va. forces which accompanied Braddock, he was specially distinquished for gallantry, and subsequently promoted to a lieutenancy. He accompanied the Va. troops under Forbes, and after the Bouquet expedition took up a tract of land in Penn. already referred to, near New Haven...
Col. Crawford perished at the stake on the afternoon of June 11, 1782. Washington, upon hearing of the terrible ending of his friend's life, saie: 'It is with the greatest sorrow and concern that I have learned the melancholy tidings of his death. He was known to me as an officer of great prudence, brave, experienced and active.' In a letter to General Irvine he says: 'I am particularly affected with the disastrous death of Col. Crawford.' " !Re Crawford's Campaign and source material see: Annals of Southwestern Penn., by Lewis Clark Walkinshaw. Lewis Historical Publ. Co., Inc., N.Y., 1939, 4 vol. Vol. II, pp 162-167 (note there are other references to Col. Crawford in the book, too numerous to give here, they should be checked at some time for leads). Veech's Monongalia of Old, pp. 93, 118 Centennial History of Connellsville, Pa. Butterfield's Hist. Account of Expedition Against Sandusky, 1782, Report of war Dept. Howe"s Historical Collections of Ohio, Vol. I, p. 483, Vol. II pp 885-892 Torrance and Allied Families, p. 324 !Warrant No. 2309, for Crawford's Delight, issued to John Crawford, 376 1/2 acres, 22 Sep. 1769. Warrant to Accept July 5, 1787 to Edward Cook. Neighboring Warrant 4 July 1795 to Wm. McCormack (on other side of river). Neighboring Warrant No.
3441. Mt. Pleasant. Lawrence Harrison, 346 1/4 acres, surveyed 11 Sep 1769. In Harrisburg, Pa. !LDS Temple Archive record for Wm. Crawford...born 1732, Berkeley Co., W. Va. !DAR app. Natl. # 633878 (Sharon Jean Karg) !DAR app. Natl. #137409 (Mary Graham Pearce) !Crawford Family Ref. in Index for Old Ky. Surveys and Grants in Old State House, Fkt. Ky. !Mrs. Forrest Garnett, 2500 Huston Ct., Morgan Hill, Ca.95037: Walkinsaw's Annals of Southwestern Penn., II, 406. !LDS Temple Archive Record for Wm. Crawford !Portions of the above text appear verbatim in Egle's
Penn. Women in the Rev., pp.58-61. The following portions of that account do not appear in the preceeding version: (refer to Hannah Vance notes - H.S.) "William Crawford, son of Valentine Crawford, an emigrant from the North of Ireland, was born Oct17, 1732, in Orange co., Va...." !For William Crawford, B. L. St. 921-500. Copies are availble from: Military Svc. Records (NNCC). Washington, D. C. 20408. Cover Letter For William Crawford File Mr. Cyrus McMichael, 410 Water St., Conneaut Lake, Penn. March 22, 1939 William Crawford B. L. Wt. 921-500 BA-J/MLB Dear Sir: Reference is made to your letter in which you request the record of Col. Wm. Crawford who, you state, was born in 1732, was in Washsington Co., Va., during the French and Indian War, commanded a company in Pontiac's and Lord Dunmore's wars, served as Lt. Col. and Col. in the Va. line, during the Rev. War, and commanded the Sandusky Expositon (sic), left widow Hannah Vance Crawford who, you think, was his second wife, and who received a pension after his death. The data which follow in regard to William Crawford were obtained from the papers in the claim for bounty land on file based upon his service in the Rev. War. No claim for pension was made to the United States by anyone based upon his sevice. The date and place of birth of William Crawford and names of his parents were not given, nor was his age stated. William Crawford was an Indian trader in 1767. In 1776, he became a colonel of the Va. troops, he superintended the recruting of the 13th Va. Reg.; he was in Indian expeditions under Genl. McIntosh and Col. Brodhead in 1778; in Gel. Clark's Expedition against the Moravian Indians, and while on an expedition ordered by Genl. William Irvine in1 76, he was captured and burned to death by the Indians. The name of William Crawford's widow was not given. If she received a pension, it may have been granted by the state from which her husband served. He was survived by three children, namely: John, who died prior to May, 1820; Effey McCormick, and Sallay or Sarah Springer, wife of Uriah Springer who was a captain in the 90th Va. Reg. during the Rev., also a lt. under Colonel William Crawford. Effey McCormick and Sarah Springer were allowed 500 acres of bounty land on Warrant No. 921, issued June 1, 1820, on account of the Rev. War services of their father, Col. William Crawford. For information in regard to location of the land granted on account of the services of William Crawford, you should apply to the Commissioner of the General land Office, Interior Dept., this city, and furnish that official the number of the warrant the
acreage, and date of issuance. Very truly yours, A. D. Hiller, Exec. Asst. to the Administraton. Notes made by Marian Graham, after reading the application papers. According to this information, Sarah Crawford Harrison was married twice, 1st to Wm. Harrison, and 2nd to Capt./Major Uriah Springer and was living in 1820 when application was made for land grant. Application was made in Fayette Co., Pa. Papers were signed in Dec. 1818-May 29, 1820. One paper was signed by Samuel Vance, possibly a brother of Hannah, Sarah's mother. !DAR App. Bernice Zimmerman, Sources: Veech's Monongalia of Old, p. 118; Centenial History of Connellsville, Pa.; Butterfield's Historical Account of Expedition Against Sandusky, 1782, Report of War Dept.; Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio, Vol. I, p. 483, Vol. II pp 885-892 !DAR Application, Natl. #633878 (Sharon Jean Karg) !Further references, Rev. Svcs: Surveyor of the King's Grant under G. Washngton; Col. Crawford -t 5th Va. Reg. Feb. 135h, 1776, 7gh Va. REg. Aug. 14, 1776. (Besides wars against the Indians and Dunsmore's Way, etc.); This commission took place at Stauton, VA., according to the Washington-Crawford Letters by Butterfield. See Testimony of Gen. Irwin in From River Clyde to Tymochtee ... by Grace Emahiser. (This was copied word for word from the document from Gen. Svcs. From Wash. D.C.); Winchester
VA Rec. Order Book 22, 178-91, p. 205. Order Book 23, page 121. Order Book 24, p. 336. Order Book 26 p. 416. Order Book 23, p. 453. Order Book 121, p. 25. Executive Asst. to the Administrator. !DAR App. Natl. #137409 (Mary Graham Pearce) !Monogahela of Old, James Veech, p. 93: "Captain Wm. Crawford, exercised, to a limited extent, his vocation of surveyor, and in that capacity made numerous unoficial surveys for George Washington, and for his brothers Samuel and John Augustine Washngton. He also made surveys for Lund Washington, and others, even before the lands were bought from the Indians. The object of these surveys was to secure Va. rights. Cap. Crawford took up, for himself, several valuable tracts in the vicinity of Stewart's Crossing. None of these, we believe were in his own name. The home tract, at the crossing, was in the name of his son John. Others were in the names of Benjamin Harrison,
Lawrence Harrison, Jr., other lands, which he purchased from the Indians or from the original settlers." Warrant No. 2309, for Crawford's Delight, issued to John Crawford, 376 1/2 acres, 22 Sep 1769. Warrant to Accpt July 5, 1787 to Edward Cook. Neighboring Warrant 4 July 1795 to Wm. McCormack (on other side of river). Neighboring Warrant No. 3441. Mt. Pleasant. Lawrence Harrison. 346 1/4 acres, surved 11 Sep 1769. in Harrisburg, Pa. !Colonel William Crawford - Indian Trader, Pioneer and Soldier On The Frontier, Connelsville Area Historical soc., Inc., Connellsville, Pa. 1976: "William Crawford, the Scotch-Irish Indian trader, pioneer and frontier soldier, was born in Orange Co., Va., in the year 1732, son of Honora and Hugh Crawford.